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The Programmes of the Institution

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The Turopolje pig breeding programme

1 Title of programme Turoplje pig breeding programme
2 Legislative background National Strategy and Action Plan for the protection of biological and landscape diversity (NSAP) is the fundamental document for nature protection in the Republic of Croatia (OG no 81/99 and OG no. 143/08)
3 Implemented by Lonjsko Polje Nature Park Public Institution
4 Associates in the implementation Lonjsko Polje Nature Park Public Institution http://pp-lonjsko-polje.hr
Croatian Agricultural Agency
http://www.hpa.hr
Turopolje municipality
http://turopolje.hr
The local population within the Lonjsko Polje Nature Park and surrounding areas
5 Purpose and objectives of the programme Protection and preservation of the protected landrace breed the Turopolje pig and increasing population size.
Preservation of the traditional form of farm production characterised by “an archetypal manner of livestock keeping with mixed droves of pigs, herds of horses and cows, flocks of geese and other species… that can no longer be found anywhere”.
Enhancement of the marketing concept of added value that derives from the phenomenon of free range / archetypal grazing, which has on the market today the connotations of healthy or organic and accordingly fetches higher prices.
6 Area of the programme Lonjsko Polje Nature Park and surrounding areas
7 Financial outline of the programme Outline costs per annum for one Turopolje sow come to 3,000 kuna for corn, and 3,500 kuna for feed with vitamin and mineral additives, for veterinary charges 1,000 kuna, or in sum 7,500 kuna per sow.
8 Implementation In 2001 the Institution acquired 7 sows and three boars of the breed. Today in its main herd the Institution has a drove of 8 Turopolje sows and one boar.
On April 20, 2004, the Institution started the programme to loan or donate Turopolje pigs to the local population, but legislative constraints meant this had to be dropped in 2008.
The main drove (herd) is bred in a pig sty in Krapje (ex situ) because of these constraints.
The annual increment (piglets born) is sold via viva voce public auction to the best bidder. The number of auctions held a year depends on the number of piglets weaned a year.
9. Equipment needed Pig sty and paddock
10 Educational programme The main herd of Turopolje pigs is used in presentation as part of the visiting system, in the context of the Krapje – village of the architectural heritage educational programme
11 Results The result of the programme is an increase in the number of breeding Turopolje pigs owned by the local population in the area of the Park and surrounds. During the implementation of the programme to loan and donate pigs to local people in the area of the Park, 26 sows and 17 boards were registered in total. But a ban on keeping the pigs at pasture and other constraints laid down by other regulations led to the number of pigs falling to just the main herd kept in the Institution.
12 Contact persons Lonjsko Polje Nature Park Public Institution
Dražen Ivaštinović, expert adviser – forester
Tel: +385 (0)44 611 190
Fax: +385 (0)44 606 449
GSM: +385 (0)98 222 087
e-mail: sumar@pp-lonjsko-polje.hr
13 Problems connected with preservation of landrace breeds The lack of interest of the local population because raising this breed still does not pay. The ban on keeping the pigs at pasture because of the provisions of the Ordinance on measures to prevent the appearance and dissemination of classical swine fever, which is entirely at odds with the preservation of the traditional pasturing that is one of the natural, cultural and landscape values of Lonjsko Polje Nature Park.